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Posts Tagged ‘Light’

Bubbles and Interference

This week, you shall be entertained with the physics of soap bubbles! Soap-bubble rainbows are caused by thin-film interference. When a light ray strikes the film of of soap bubble, some of the light reflects off of the film’s top surface (Ray 1). Other rays (Ray 2), however, pass into the film, reflect off of the bottom surface of the bubble, and passes back through the film.

bubble.jpg

Ray 1 changes phase 180° as it reflects (which only happens when light reflects off a material with a higher index of refraction than the medium it is traveling in), and Ray 2 does not change phase as it reflects but it travels an extra distance through the film. This results in a path length difference of about 2x the thickness of the film.

So you end up with the two different rays being either in phase with each other (constructive interference), completely out of phase (destructive interference), or somewhere in between. The path length difference at a certain point on a soap bubble might cause destructive interference for blue light, but constructive interference for red light. You’ll end up seeing red at that spot.

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When you wash your hands today, take a moment to bask in the loveliness of soap bubbles! ^ ^

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Mirage®

CandyMirage.jpg picture by xtaintedwatersx

The Mirage® is a very special device consisting of two parabolic mirrors (the top mirror has a hole in the middle) with the concave sides facing each other. The mirrors have identical focal lengths and the Mirage® is constructed so that the focal point of a mirror coincides with the center of the other mirror (in the case of the top mirror, right where the hole is.)

Mirage.jpg picture by xtaintedwatersx

Light rays from the object at the bottom of the Mirage® will reflect off of the top mirror and travel in a parallel path. Then, after the rays hit and reflect off of the bottom mirror, they will travel towards the focal point of the bottom mirror. Which of course just so happens to be at the center of the top mirror where the hole is! So you end up with a really cool ‘real’ image even though you can’t actually touch it. Amazing!

StrawberryMirage.jpg picture by xtaintedwatersx

Strawberry M&Ms. Rawr. Pics courtesy of Gizmodo.

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